Learners observe different behaviors and try to adopt those behaviors, if any of the learned behaviors bring desirable results; those behaviors stay with the learner.
For example if in a classroom a student gets teacher’s attention by answering the questions and receives good grades, the behavior is followed by other students.
The three major contributors to the cognitive learning theories were Jean Piaget, Edward Tolman, and Albert Bandura.
In this paper, I will evaluate the work of all three theorists, demonstrate an understanding of the theory, and explain how the theory can be applied to our current educational environment.
The person who demonstrates a behavior for someone else is the model for the learner (Ormrod, 2011).
According to instrumental conditioning, learning is a process of trial and error (Ormrod, 2011, p.324). Domingo Mamaril June 21, 2010 Cognitive Learning Theory Cognitive theorists try to explain human behavior by understanding how we process and store new information.The cognitive theories of learning originated from the gestalt theory.(4) Filed expectancies-we learn what leads to what.Social Cognitive Theory of Learning Social cognitive theory of learning is a theoretical perspective that focuses on learning by observing others and eventually assuming control over one’s own behavior (Ormrod, 2011, p.323).Tolman developed six different kinds of learning: (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009).(1) Cathexes- our learned tendency to associate certain objects with certain drive states.Social cognitive theory is a perspective that helps us understand about learning by observing other people doing the same thing.This theory is a blend of behaviorism and cognitive psychology (Ormrod, 2011).His theory is referred to as purposive behaviorism.For Tolman, behavior will look “as if” it has a goal as long as we are looking for something in our environment.