Case Studies On Music Therapy And Autism

Case Studies On Music Therapy And Autism-55
We know that autism can create barriers for children in social settings, but small groups of children listening to music together may feel confident and comfortable enough to comment or sing along with others.

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The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC), and video analysis of sessions were used to evaluate changes in social behavior. This single group pretest/posttest study included 9 adolescents with neurodevelopmental delays including autism. Fronto-temporal connectivity is preserved during sung but not spoken word listening, across the autism spectrum.

Statistical results demonstrate initial support for the use of music therapy social groups to develop joint attention. Researchers assessed feasibility of implementing a 45-min Musical Attention Control Training (MACT) intervention delivered by a board-certified music therapist eight times over 6 weeks in a school setting. Using a passive-listening functional magnetic resonance imaging paradigm with spoken words, sung words and piano tones, we found that 22 children with ASD, with varying levels of functioning, activated bilateral temporal brain networks during sung-word perception, similarly to an age and gender-matched control group.

This means that a therapist can use a song or instrument to support cognitive activity so that we can build self-awareness and improve relationships with others.

Music encourages communicative behavior and can encourage interaction with others, which is something that autistic children have great difficulty with.

Seventeen children, ages 6 to 9, with a diagnosis of ASD were randomly assigned to the music therapy group (MTG) or the no-music social skills group (SSG).

All group sessions were designed to target social skills. The effect of musical attention control training (MACT) on attention skills of adolescents with neurodevelopmental delays: a pilot study.

Coast Music Therapy has compiled the latest studies with the most persuasive results and regularly updates this list to reflect the most current research.

Individuals with autism show equal or superior abilities in pitch processing, labeling of emotions in music, and musical preference when compared to typically developing peers.

Using a multiple baseline design, all children showed improvement in joint attention and actions of social engagement. However, in the ASD group, increased activity in response to happy compared to sad music was observed in dorsolateral prefrontal regions and in the rolandic operculum/insula, and we propose that this reflects increased cognitive processing and physiological arousal in response to emotional musical stimuli in this group. Music therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder.

This review of research examined randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials comparing music therapy or music therapy added to standard care to ‘placebo’ therapy, no treatment, or standard care for individuals with ASD.

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