Consensus Model Criminal Justice Essay

Consensus Model Criminal Justice Essay-7
What can we learn from Fallon’s example from a sociological point of view?Firstly, psychopathy and sociopathy are recognized as problematic forms of deviance because of prevalent social anxieties about serial killers as a type of criminal who “lives next door” or “blends in”.

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1947), a neuroscientist at the University of California.

His research involved analyzing brain scans of serial killers.

In many ways the sociopath is a cypher for many of the anxieties we have about the loss of community and living among people we do not know.

In this sense, the sociopath is a very modern sort of deviant.

In a modern society characterized by the predominance of secondary rather than primary relationships, the sociopath or psychopath functions, in popular culture at least, as a prime index of contemporary social unease.

The sociopath is like the nice neighbour next door who one day “goes off” or is revealed to have had a sinister second life.He found that areas of the frontal and temporal lobes associated with empathy, morality, and self-control are “shut off” in serial killers.In turn, this lack of brain activity has been linked with specific genetic markers suggesting that psychopathy or sociopathy was passed down genetically.In the Alzheimer’s study, he discovered a brain scan from a control subject that indicated the symptoms of psychopathy he had seen in the brain scans of serial killers.The scan was taken from a member of his own family.Cesare Lombroso (1835–1909), an Italian professor of legal psychiatry, was a key figure in positivist criminology who thought he had isolated specific physiological characteristics of “degeneracy” that could distinguish “born criminals” from normal individuals (Rimke, 2011).In a much more sophisticated way, this was also the premise of James Fallon (b.Contemporary approaches to psychopathy and sociopathy have focused on biological and genetic causes.This is a tradition that goes back to 19th century positivist approaches to deviance, which attempted to find a biological cause for criminality and other types of deviant behaviour.True, individual freedom is reduced in such a situation, but this is seen as a good thing for society in general, and also for the individual.There are several different theories within Consensus Theory you need to know about, but the main ones are Functionalism, Bonds of Attachment/ Social Control Theory, Strain Theory, Subcultural Theory, and Underclass Theory.


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