Essentially, the descriptive abstract only describes the work being summarized.
Some researchers consider it an outline of the work, rather than a summary.
No pretense is made of there being either a balanced or complete picture of the paper and, in fact, incomplete and leading remarks may be used to spark the reader’s interest.
In that a highlight abstract cannot stand independent of its associated article, it is not a true abstract and, therefore, rarely used in academic writing.
Use the active voice when possible, but note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions.
Regardless, write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences.Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority.The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness.An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of 300 words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4) a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions.Sometimes your professor will ask you to include an abstract, or general summary of your work, with your research paper.In most cases, the abstract page immediately follows the title page. Rules set forth in writing manual vary but, in general, you should center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page with double spacing between the heading and the abstract.The final sentences of an abstract concisely summarize your study’s conclusions, implications, or applications to practice and, if appropriate, can be followed by a statement about the need for additional research revealed from the findings.The researcher evaluates the paper and often compares it with other works on the same subject.Critical abstracts are generally 400-500 words in length due to the additional interpretive commentary. A descriptive abstract indicates the type of information found in the work.Descriptive abstracts are usually very short, 100 words or less. While they still do not critique or evaluate a work, they do more than describe it.A good informative abstract acts as a surrogate for the work itself.