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After starting at Christ Church in Oxford, he went on to Merton College, Oxford, then with joined the Life Guards of the Household Cavalry in order to support King William's wars against France. However, as with the Jacobite lords in 1716, Steele soon ceased to belabour a beaten foe. He was commissioned in 1697, and rose up in the ranks to captain of the 34th Foot in 2 years. He disliked British Army life, and left the army in 1705, perhaps due to the death of the 34th Foot’s commanding officer, and with him, his opportunities of promotion. In March 1721 he spoke against forcing Robert Knight, the absconding South Sea cashier, to give evidence; and in April and June he joined Walpole in urging leniency for John Aislabie10 and Sir Theodore Janssen. He started writing poetry and drama as a side project while he was still in the military.
They were a devoted couple, their correspondence still being regarded as one of the best illustrations of a happy marriage, but their relationship was stormy.
Mary died in 1718, at a time when she was considering separation.
It may then, be no coincidence that Steele's first published work, The Christian Hero (1701), attempted to point out the differences between perceived and actual masculinity. When Walpole replaced Sunderland at the Treasury, Steele, after applying to both men and to Henry Pelham for their good offices with Newcastle, was restored to his place at Drury Lane on .
In 1706 Steele was appointed to a position in the household of Prince George of Denmark, consort of Anne of Great Britain. As his seat at Boroughbridge was clearly lost to him, he now turned to Sunderland, his first patron of the Gazette days, for political backing. He scooped an apple and put ten guineas into it, and said it should be deposited for the wife of any of the voters that should be the first brought to bed that day 9 months.
A set of the was something that every middle-class household with aspirations to looking like its members took literature seriously would want to have.
These essays were published in that kind of format scores of times in the English-speaking world, their essays often being offered to students as examples of clear, vigorous English prose; they were also translated into most of the European languages.It was fast-paced, entertaining, and in an age when much print publication was bitterly political, was non-partisan.Both journals were widely read in their first publication, and perhaps even more so over the course of the next two centuries when they were collected together and bound up as book-length volumes.After finishing his degree at Oxford, he was sent on a grand tour of the continent at government expense, and would go on to be a member of Parliament (he was essentially given a seat there; he did not have to campaign) and a cabinet minister. This journal, which was published three times a week, was something new and innovative.Rather than focusing on the news, it offered essays on a variety of topics: theater reviews, essays on clothing and manners, and so on.They crossed paths again in London in the early part of the eighteenth century; both of them had political and literary ambitions.By all accounts, Addison and Steele had very different personalities.In our time, these essays have become newly relevant as having inaugurated what the sociologist Jürgen Habermas dubbed “the bourgeois public sphere,” a domain of society separate from the state or the royal courts where middle class people came together to debate social issues.Even more recently, these short, comparatively informal essays, published frequently, have been compared to blogging. Whatever the case, the early eighteenth-century journalism of Joseph Addison and Richard Steele remains an entertaining look into the attitudes, tastes, and styles of their period.Steele was born in Dublin, Ireland in March 1672 to Richard Steele, an attorney, and Elinor Symes (née Sheyles); his sister Katherine was born the previous year. 1720, he observed that this nation, which two years ago possessed more weight and greater credit than any other nation in Europe, was reduced to its present distress by a few cyphering cits, a species of men of equal capacity, in all respects ... Steele was largely raised by his uncle and aunt, Henry Gascoigne and Lady Katherine Mildmay. A member of the Protestant gentry, he was educated at Charterhouse School, where he first met Addison. with those animals who saved the capitol, who were now to be screened by those of greater figure.