Today, farmers improve crop production through the use of global positioning systems (GPS). Iowa farmers and agricultural scientists have benefited and contributed to the ever-evolving science of agriculture.
As new ideas were tried and applied to growing crops and livestock, they were shared and passed to the next generation as parents taught their children.
The formal program of instruction began at Ames in 1869, and the college eventually developed into a nationally recognized leader in scientific agricultural advancement.
The college developed extension services, education for people who are not enrolled as students, to provide up-to-date assistance for women and men on Iowa's farms.
As the land became more settled and there were fewer and fewer acres of open prairie, farmers needed a way to keep their own cattle at home. Instead of grazing on open prairie, cattle were fenced in the farmer's own field and fed with corn.
This allowed Iowa farmers to transition from cattle grazing to cattle raising.
Advances in farm machinery production changed the way farmers worked.
They were able to cover more land at a faster pace; and as manufacturers added seats to farm machinery, farmers found some relief from their backbreaking labors.
By the latter part of the 19th century farmers had learned to diversify their crop production and to raise livestock for profit.
Iowa farmers had learned the value in planting corn and feeding it to fatten their livestock.