These are the explicit consent and the presumed consent. The Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA), 1994 enacted by the government of India permits organ donation and legalizes the concept of brain death. The same can be taken from the hospital or other medical facility approached for organ donation or can be downloaded from the ministry of health and family welfare government of India’s website.In case of a deceased donor, a written consent from the lawful custodian is required in the prescribed application form.In case of the deceased donors, it is first verified that the donor is dead.
However, certain organs and tissues such as a kidney, lobe of a lung, portion of the liver, intestine or pancreas can be donated by living donors as well.
Organ Donation Consent Process There are two types of consents when it comes to organ donation.
The process has broadly been classified into two categories – Opt in and Opt out.
Under the opt-in system, one is proactively required to register for donation of his/ her organs while in the opt-out system, every individual becomes a donor post death unless he/she opts-out of it. It is sad how several people in different parts of the world die each year waiting for organ transplant.
Organ donation is done by both living and deceased donors.
The living donors can donate one of the two kidneys, a lung or a part of a lung, one of the two lobes of their liver, a part of the intestines or a part of the pancreas.
It is then determined if any of his/ her organs can be donated.
After death, the body is kept on a mechanical ventilator to ensure the organs remain in good condition.
Organ donation has proved to be a miracle for the society.
Organs such as kidneys, heart, eyes, liver, small intestine, bone tissues, skin tissues and veins are donated for the purpose of transplantation.