L.5 – Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. Multiple literary devices and elements are commonly used in the category of figurative language.The use of multiple types of elements adds to the strength, depth and quality of figurative language through a literary work. RL.9-10.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone). (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.) CCSS. L.3.5 – Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings. RL.11-12.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. L.4.5a – Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context. ')."(Tom Mc Arthur, - The mind is not inherently literal.- Language is not independent of the mind but reflects our perceptual and conceptual understanding of experience.- Figuration is not merely a matter of language but provides much of the foundation for thought, reason and imagination.- Figurative language is not deviant or ornamental but is ubiquitous in everyday speech.- Figurative modes of thought motivate the meaning of many linguistic expressions that are commonly viewed as having literal interpretations.- Metaphorical meaning is grounded in nonmetaphorical aspects of recurring bodily experiences or experiential gestalts.- Scientific theories, legal reasoning, myths, art, and a variety of cultural practices exemplify many of the same figurative schemes found in everyday thought and language.- Many aspects of word meaning are motivated by figurative schemes of thought.- Figurative language does not require special cognitive processes to be produced and understood.- Children's figurative thought motivates their significant ability to use and understand many kinds of figurative speech."According to the conceptual metaphor theory, metaphors and other forms of figurative language are not necessarily creative expressions.In no time, he’s unsteady and comprehensibility is a casualty. The personality of a Svevo character is, Wood writes, 'as comically perforated as a bullet-holed flag'—an odd view of what’s comical since such a flag would usually be found among the dead and mutilated on a battlefield. Another character is 'inundated with impressions . That is, we use metaphor to make sense of our experience.Thus, according to Gibbs, when we encounter a verbal metaphor it automatically activates the corresponding conceptual metaphor." (David W.