Certainly you want to summarize briefly key articles, though, and point out differences in methods or findings of relevant studies when necessary.Don’t make one mistake typical of a novice APA-paper writer by stating overtly why you’re including a particular article (e.g., “This article is relevant to my study because…”).If you included a questionnaire, you should describe it in detail.
The Method section typically includes Participants, Materials and/or Apparatus, and Procedure sections.
If the design is particularly complicated (multiple IVs in a factorial experiment, for example), you might also include a separate Design subsection or have a “Design and Procedure” section.
The hypotheses should flow logically out of everything that’s been presented, so that the reader has the sense of, “Of course.
This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented.” When incorporating references into your intro, you do not necessarily need to describe every single study in complete detail, particularly if different studies use similar methodologies.
An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references.
Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures.Be careful about citing your sources (see APA manual).Make sure there is a one-to-one correspondence between the articles you’ve cited in your intro and the articles listed in your reference section.The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad! Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction: Don’t put your readers to sleep by beginning your paper with the time-worn sentence, “Past research has shown (blah blah blah)” They’ll be snoring within a paragraph! In other words, your intro shouldn’t read like a story of “Schmirdley did such-and-such in 1991. Then....(etc.)” First, brainstorm all of the ideas you think are necessary to include in your paper.Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat. Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas.The title page, abstract, references, table(s), and figure(s) should be on their own pages.The entire paper should be written in the past tense, in a 12-point font, double-spaced, and with one-inch margins all around.The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. Your intro should be a logical flow of ideas that leads up to your hypothesis.A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. Try to organize it in terms of the rather than who did what when.Note that in some studies (e.g., questionnaire studies in which there are many measures to describe but the procedure is brief), it may be more useful to present the Procedure section prior to the Materials section rather than after it. (e.g., money, extra credit points) Write for a broad audience. 280...” Rather, write (for instance), “Students in a psychological statistics and research methods course at a small liberal arts college….” Try to avoid short, choppy sentences.Total number of participants (# women, # men), age range, mean and SD for age, racial/ethnic composition (if applicable), population type (e.g., college students). Combine information into a longer sentence when possible.