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The Trail of Tears refers to the forceful relocation and eventual movement of the Native American communities from the South Eastern regions of the U. as a result of the enactment of the Indian Removal Act in the year 1830.In the year 1838, in line with Andrew Jackson’s policy of the Indians’ removal, the Cherokee community was forced to surrender its land to the east of Mississippi River and migrate to the present day Oklahoma.On the other hand, they were usually forced to march in chains or manacles.
The Trail of Tears resulted in a devastating effect for the Indians such as extreme hunger, diseases and exhaustion due to long walk and massive injustices and abuse of fundamental human rights.
According to Perdue (2008), the Trail of Tears is regarded as one of the tragic eras in the U. history mainly due to the forceful relocation of the Indians.
It is estimated that ten million Native Americans were on this continent when the Europeans arrived.
Over the next 300 years, the American Indian population was almost wiped out through disease, warfare, and famine.
The Cherokee Nation was allocated land in Georgia as a result of the 1791 treaty with the U. Georgia tried to reclaim this land in 1830, but the Cherokee protested and took the case to the U. 1838 called in federal troops in to “escort” approximately 15,000 Cherokee people to their new home in Indian Territory. Activity: Step One: Compare the following maps that illustrate the land holdings of the Cherokee people at specific times in history and answer the question on your activity sheet.
Indian Removal Act Essay Essay About My Family
Cherokee Lands prior to European Colonization Lands at the end of the American Revolution Lands prior to 1838 Removal Nation of Oklahoma (Boundaries and Districts in Indian Territory) on the maps, what observations can you make about the extent of Cherokee lands from the time period before European colonization through the mid 19th century?
Students use maps, excerpt of a Presidential speech, oral testimony, and a painting to examine the political reasoning behind the Indian Removal Act as well as the public portrayal and personal impact of the Trail of Tears on the Cherokee nation Overview: In 1830 Congress, urged on by President Andrew Jackson, passed the Indian Removal Act which gave the federal government the power to relocate any Native Americans in the east to territory that was west of the Mississippi River. Objectives: Students will compare official documentation of Cherokee land holdings before colonization through the mid 19th century to determine the impact of European settlement on the Cherokee people.
Though the Native Americans were to be compensated, this was not always done fairly and in some cases led to the further destruction of many of the already diminishing numbers of many of the eastern tribes. In 1828, not only did whites for settlement purposes desire their land, but gold was discovered. The Court decided in favor of the Cherokee, however, the President and Congress forced the Native Americans to give up their land. This event, known to the Cherokee as “The Trail Where They Cried”, is better known as the Trail of Tears in U. Students will explore oral histories and visual evidence to determine the impact of the Trail of Tears on the Cherokee Culture.
In order to relocate the Indian tribes swiftly and effectively, the Indians tribes were prearranged into wretched and miserable traveling caravans.
During the trail, the Indians passed through horrible living conditions that were unbearable, for instance, the Indians slept in the mud, lacked shelter and enough food.