Law Enforcement Research Paper

The report also acknowledges a growing body of literature that suggests that proactive policing can negatively affect the public legitimacy of law enforcement (3, 4), even motivating avoidance of law-related officials altogether (5–8).Finally, the report laments a dearth of quantitative research on the effects of proactive policing on racial disparities or youth criminality.This policing strategy results in more frequent contact between police and individuals within neighborhoods where police are disproportionately assigned (2).

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RPUs perform a range of tasks and these tasks differ from one agency to another.

When separate tasks are aggregated into broader categories, the data reveal that, overall, RPUs focus primarily on administrative tasks. Download as .

The younger boys are when stopped for the first time, the stronger these relationships.

Boys’ race and prior engagement in delinquent behaviors did not moderate the effect.

Proactive policing has radically changed how America experiences public safety.

Instead of reacting to calls for service as was typical through the 1950s, police agencies now seek to prevent crimes by proactively deploying officers in places where crime is likely to be reported and interacting with the people most likely to be accused of crimes (1).

A recent National Academies of Sciences review supports existing research that proactive policing strategies seem to lower crime (1).

However, that same report laments that quantitative research on proactive policing has mostly ignored effects on crime rates over long periods of time and with youth.

Four waves of longitudinal survey data demonstrate that contact with law enforcement predicts increases in black and Latino adolescents’ self-reported criminal behaviors 6, 12, and 18 months later.

These results are partially mediated by psychological distress.


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