Principles Construct Essay Test

On the other hand, multiple choice exams provide less opportunity than essay or short-answer exams for you to determine how well the students can think about the course content or use the language of the discipline in responding to questions.If you decide you want to test mostly recall of information or facts and you need to do so in the most efficient way, then you should consider using multiple choice tests.“Essay tests let students display their overall understanding of a topic and demonstrate their ability to think critically, organize their thoughts, and be creative and original.

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There are two types of essay questions: restricted and extended response.

Before expecting students to perform well on either type of essay question, we must make sure that they have the required skills to excel.

The reliability is enhanced when the number of MC items focused on a single learning objective is increased.

In addition, the objective scoring associated with multiple choice test items frees them from problems with scorer inconsistency that can plague scoring of essay questions.

Essay tests are useful for teachers when they want students to select, organize, analyze, synthesize, and/or evaluate information.

In other words, they rely on the upper levels of Bloom's Taxonomy.

Application of rules or principles in specified situations F. SOURCES OF DIFFICULTY IN THE USE OF ESSAY TEST* Instrument validity GUIDELINES FOR CONSTRUCTING, EVALUATING AND USING ESSAY ITEMS* Consider the following suggestions for constructing, evaluating and using tests: *Limit the problem that the question poses so that it will have a clear or definite meaning to most students.

*Use simple words which will convey clear meaning to the students.

Validity is the degree to which a test measures the learning outcomes it purports to measure.

Because students can typically answer a multiple choice item much more quickly than an essay question, tests based on multiple choice items can typically focus on a relatively broad representation of course material, thus increasing the validity of the assessment.

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