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Aristotle said a play has to have four elements to qualify as a tragedy: 1) noble or impressive characters; 2) the main character's discovery or recognition of a truth or fault in himself ; 3) poetic language; and 4) the ability to arouse and then soothe the audience's pity and fear.Some critics consider that whether Death of a Salesman is a tragedy or not is debatable on all four sections, while others think the play meets all these criteria.
Willy cannot see who Happy and Biff actually are as individuals or himself for that matter.
Therefore, Willy and his sons believe that they all know and have what it takes to be a success in life and in business.
More coursework: 1 - A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I - J | K - L | M | N - O | P - S | T | U - Y Willy Loman is often described as a Tragic Hero. Critics have hotly debated the question of whether Willy Loman is a tragic hero or whether Death of a Salesman is a tragedy.
Dramatic tragedy was invented and defined by the Greeks.
Miller is adamant that Death of a salesman has many elements that allow it to qualify as a Greek tragedy but, he is more concerned with the idea of modern tragedy and how Willy Loman is a tragic hero in modern society Though he is a common man or a Low-man as his name suggests, Willy was described by Miller as "a very brave spirit who cannot settle for half but must pursue his dream of himself to the end." Though Willy did not have great intellectual powers, the first of Aristotle's qualities, he did experience self-awareness- otherwise he would not have killed himself when he realised his life was meaningless.
The question of why Willy commits suicide is of course central.
To conclude Willy Loman is often described as a Tragic Hero. Critics have hotly debated the question of whether Willy Loman is a tragic hero or whether Death of a Salesman is a tragedy.
Throughout Death of a Salesman the males of the Loman family cannot distinguish between the reality of the American Dream and the illusion of it.
Willy comes to face, the absurdity of life, and it is for this reason that "attention must be paid." As Linda says "A small man can be just as exhausted as a great man," this reinforces the idea that a tragic hero must no longer be a man of high moral stature, he need not have the power or largeness of a King but he can be an ordinary "Lowman" to be influential on an audience and because Death of a Salesman is also a criticism of the moral and social standards of contemporary America, not merely a record of the particular plight of one man.
And, also, it presents Willy as a victim of the deterioration of the "American dream".