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Truth seems like something we naturally comprehend and while intuition can help us a great deal in understanding what it is, surface definitions present us with unique problems and I’ll illustrate why.I'll then lay out some terms and concepts that will help us get a better handle on understanding what truth is. The coherence theory describes truth in terms of interconnected belief.
But notice that the truth of the apple’s color has little role to play in what we believe.
No one knows what the truth is and so it plays no role in our epistemology.
Yet it's difficult to define because as soon as you think you have it pinned down, some case or counterexample immediately shows deficiencies.
Ironically, every definition of truth that philosophers have developed falls prey to the question, "Is it true?
It's actually red because we've stipulated that your friend has an anomaly in her truth-gathering equipment (vision) and even though we may not know she has it, the fact that she does means her view of reality is incorrect.
But now let’s suppose everyone is color blind and we all see "red" apples as green?Suppose you examine an apple and determine that it’s red, sweet, smooth and crunchy. Put another way, you've made truth claims about the apple and seemingly made statements about real properties of the apple. Let's suppose your friend is color blind (this is unknown to you or her) and when she looks at the apple, she says that the apple is a dull greenish color.She also makes a truth claim about the color of the apple but it's different than your truth claim. Well, you might respond, that's an easy problem to solve.Coming up with a definition of truth falls under the discipline of epistemology or the study of knowledge though some philosophers categorize it as a study in metaphysics--the study of what is real.In this essay, we'll look at some reasons why defining truth can be challenging.It's written in 11 point font and is black but it's Spanish. Well, they all express the same idea or meaning and we could say the same "truth." We could express the same idea in Swahili, semaphore, Morse code, or any other symbolic system that conveys meaning.Notice that the symbols themselves are neither true nor false.The challenge is that our view of truth is very closely tied to our perspective on what is true.This means that in the end, we may be able to come up with a reasonable definition of truth, but if we decide that no one can get to what is true (that is, know truth), what good is the definition?The common property true of all sentences that express the same truth is what philosophers call the propositional content of the sentences or "the proposition." Now we can better understand the idea behind "non-linguistic bearer of truth value." Propositions are non-linguistic because they aren't written or spoken in a language.They bear truth because they are the things that are true or false. Some philosophers say beliefs are "dispositional." That is, they incline a person to behave in a way as if the thing they believe is true.