This guide explains the purpose of a lit review and introduces the process of researching and writing required for an understanding of the basic concepts of a literature review, (2) have checklists you can use to help you create a literature review, (3) have an example of a literature review, and (4) know how to get assistance with your literature review.
Introduction Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g.
Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and .
A key feature of any literature review is how you choose to group the literature into sub-sections or themes to enable comparison. The structure you create helps you (and your readers) navigate and understand the literature.
In a longer project, it is normal to refer back to the concepts in the literature review to help analyse your own results and provide potential reasons to explain what you have found.
Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis].
Reviewing methods of analysis provides a framework of understanding at different levels [i.e.
Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field.
In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.