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Nontechnical factors of commercial and historical nature which might also advantage one technology over the other one are also explored.
It is engineered to deliver the latest type of ubiquitous fixed and mobile services such as Voice 0ver Internet Protocol (Vo IP), Information Technology and Video at very low cost.Internet host and/or users, fixed and mobile telephones) that can be considered or use to express an overall trend of growing ICTs disparities between and within countries, the availability and the quality of the access (i.e.the physical telecommunication infrastructure) is the key to a quick and reliable development of ICTs in the countries.Thus, during the first World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) held in Geneva in December 2003, the ‘Digital Divide’ was defined as the unequal access to ICT.Although this unequal access usually apply to differences between countries (the international digital divide) e.g. Mao, “Relay Technologies for Wi MAX and LTE-Advanced Mobile Systems,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. Wiley Online Library requires cookies for authentication and use of other site features; therefore, cookies must be enabled to browse the site.Looking closer to the statistics as published by the different official bodies such as ITU or the World Bank in Figure 1, it is clear that the gap in ICTs access between developed and developing countries do exist (ITU World Telecommunications Development report 2003).There are many reasons for the barriers why, until now, broadband ICT access was mainly deployed in developed countries and more precisely in urban areas as shown in Figure 2.dense, rich cities and suburbs) where most of the potential customers are located instead of less populated areas such as remote and rural areas.In the same way, while developed countries and urban areas are requiring higher and higher bit rates for multimedia applications, rural areas in developing countries are still at first favoring voice communication with a slow evolution towards ICTs.